Clonazepam

Common name:

Clonazepam

โคลนเซแพม (Thai)

Clonazépam (French)

氯硝西泮 (chinese)

クロナゼパム(Japanese)

Klonazepam (Uzbek)

Клоназепам (Russian)

클로나제팜(Korean)

 

What is Clonazepam?

Clonazepam tablets are a powerful hypnotic and are classified as anticonvulsant drugs. Clonazepam is one of the most potent hypnotic drugs that induces deep sleep and is also more dependent on other drugs in the same group. Unlike alprazolam and nitrazepam, which have a short half-life, clonazepam lasts longer in the blood and is more highly dependent.
Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine drug (such as diazepam) that is prescribed to treat various types of epilepsy and seizures in children and adults.
If you have epilepsy, you must have experienced anesthesia, fainting, or seizures.
Seizures are a nervous breakdown caused by a disturbance in the electrical activity of the brain. Sodium valproate controls seizures by reducing abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
There are different types of seizures, depending on which cells in the brain are electrically disturbed.
Symptoms that occur during a seizure can affect the muscles, senses, mood, emotions, concentration, alertness or a combination of them. Therefore, in the treatment of epilepsy, prevention and reduction of the number of times Seizures are the main target.
Clonazepam controls the electrical activity of brain cells by controlling the symptoms of seizures and prevents seizures from occurring. It also helps reduce the severity of seizures by relaxing the muscles that contract during a seizure.

Before taking Clonazepam

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, have trouble breathing, have liver or kidney problems, or have a history of neurological conditions such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and other illnesses and disorders.
Tell your doctor if you have a history of any drug allergies.
-Because this drug can interfere with the function of other drugs in the body, it is necessary to provide a list of all your drugs to your doctor or pharmacist before taking.
– Consumption of alcohol with this drug has dangerous side effects, so in case of recent consumption of alcohol or alcoholic products, be sure to inform your doctor.

How to take Clonazepam tablets

This drug is available as 1 and 2 mg oral tablets.
Discontinuation of this drug suddenly and without a doctor’s opinion can have adverse effects on the patient, including a seizure, so discontinuation of this drug should be done gradually and under the supervision of a physician.
– Your doctor may start treatment with a small amount of medication and after your body gets used to it, increase the amount of your medication to reduce the risk of side effects from the medication.
If clonazepam is given once a day, the best time to take it is at night before going to bed. However, some doctors prefer to prescribe the drug in smaller amounts but two to three times a day. Be sure to take the medicine exactly as your doctor advised.
– This drug does not interfere with food and can be taken before or after food.
– If you forget to take a dose, take it immediately after the reminder, unless the reminder time is close to the next dose. In this case, do not take the missed dose and take the next dose on time, but in no way. Do not double the dose.
At the beginning of epilepsy treatment with clonazepam, the number or type of seizures may change slightly, but do not worry because this problem will go away over time. Therefore, take the necessary precautions and contact your doctor.
Consumption of this drug causes a slight pollution and confusion. Therefore, avoid driving and activities that require more concentration until the effect of the drug is eliminated.
At the beginning of treatment with this drug, you may have more disturbing thoughts than before, but do not worry. You should know that these thoughts are caused by taking this drug and starting its effectiveness and will disappear over time.
In these cases, it is better to share your thoughts with your relatives or your counselor and doctor and take action to resolve them consciously.
– Driving is not suitable for patients with epilepsy, but if seizures have not occurred within a year, you can start driving again with the advice of a doctor and with caution. However, if you are driving, you should be aware of the timing of medications and the drowsiness caused by them.
Long-term use of clonazepam may cause tolerance to this drug in your body. In this case, the drug will not be as effective as before. Therefore, if you feel that the effect of this drug has decreased and your symptoms are not completely under control, be sure to talk to your doctor.
Long-term use of benzodiazepines, one of which is clonazepam, causes dependence in the body, so the use of these drugs and also their discontinuation should be principled and controlled and under the supervision of a physician.
– Due to the side effects of this drug for the fetus, if you intend to become pregnant or suspect pregnancy, be sure to inform your doctor to change the drug and use the appropriate method to prevent pregnancy while taking this drug.

Side effects of Clonazepam

Feeling drowsy, weak and confused are common side effects of this drug.
Feeling of lack of concentration, abnormal eye movements and forgetfulness can also occur with the use of this drug, which you can consult with your doctor.
In children, increased salivation may cause coughing or discomfort. Tell your doctor if this happens.

  • Drowsiness
  • Sexual problems
  • Blurred vision and diplopia
  • Frequent urination and burning
  • Muscular and joint pain
  • Increased salivation
  • Difficulty swallowing and breathing
  • Amnesia and Sensory Disorder
  • Skin allergies and hives
  • Impaired coordination of organs
  • Swelling of the vocal cords and hoarseness

Precautions and contraindications to Clonazepam

Be sure to see your doctor regularly to check the progress of your treatment while taking this medicine.
If this drug is taken for a long time and in large quantities, addiction and dependence on the drug may occur, which include high desire to take the drug and increase the dose of the drug.
If you are physically or mentally dependent on this drug and in order to quit it, be sure to go to the addiction clinic and do not stop taking it arbitrarily.
Withdrawal of clonazepam should be done under the supervision of specialists and consultants because sudden and arbitrary discontinuation of this drug causes severe attacks, seizures and persistent epilepsy.

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