Common name:

    • Citalopram
    • Sitalopram (False)
    • 西酞普蘭 (Chinese)
    • シタロプラム (Japanese)
    • सीतालोप्राम (indian)
    • Citaloprams (Latvian)
    • Sitalopram (Turkish)
    • Циталопрам (Russian)
    • ციტალოპრამი (Georgian)
    • Циталопрам (Kazakh)
    • ಸಿಟಾಲೋಪ್ರಾಮ್ (Kannada)

What is Citalopram?

Brain cells, called neurons, secrete different chemicals to communicate with other neurons. This means that a series of electrical impulses between neurons are responsible for the functions of different parts of the brain.
Serotonin is one of these chemicals that is produced in the brain. When serotonin is released from neurons, it stimulates other neurons, then is pumped back to brain cells and recovered.
Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), including citalopram, increase serotonin levels in the space between neurons. This will help relieve the symptoms of depression and panic attacks in many people.


Warning before taking Citalopram

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, trying to conceive or breastfeed.
– If you have a history of liver, kidney, heart problems (irregular heartbeat), epilepsy, type 2 diabetes, eye problems (such as glaucoma or glaucoma), blood problems (bleeding), severe mood swings (sudden euphoria) be sure to see a doctor Inform yourself.
– If you are being treated with electric current (shock therapy) at the same time as prescribing this medicine, tell your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you have a history of any drug allergies.
If you have been taking antidepressants from the monoamine oxidase inhibitor group (such as selegiline,  rasgelilin ,  tranylcypramine, etc.) in the last two weeks, be sure to remind your doctor.
-Because this drug can interfere with the function of other drugs in the body, it is necessary to provide a list of all your drugs to your doctor or pharmacist before taking. (Especially heart medications, antiepileptics, antibiotics and antifungals, and sedatives)

Citalopram alcohol consumption: Alcohol consumption should be kept to a minimum while taking citalopram. The effects of alcohol may be exacerbated by Celexa and interfere with drinking alcohol.


How to take Citalopram

-Because this drug affects the nervous system, its use should be constantly and under the supervision of a doctor. Although you may not feel better in the first few weeks of treatment, continue your treatment and see your doctor on a regular schedule, and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any problems or questions. Ask a question.
Abrupt discontinuation of this drug without a doctor’s advice can have adverse effects on the patient, including seizures, so discontinuation of this drug should be done gradually and under the supervision of a physician.
– Your doctor may start treatment with a small amount of medication and after your body gets used to it, increase the amount of your medication to reduce the risk of side effects from the medication.
-If this medicine is prescribed for you in 1 dose per day, you can take it at any time of the day when you are comfortable. But set a time for each day and take the medicine regularly.
If you are using this medicine to treat panic attacks, your doctor may start treatment with a small amount of medicine. This is because some people may develop or increase anxiety during the first two weeks of citalopram treatment. For this reason, it is better to start the drug with a small amount and gradually increase the dose, so take this drug exactly according to the doctor’s instructions and pay attention to the emphasized dose.


Common side effects of Citalopram

Gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, indigestion, constipation or diarrhea are especially common at the beginning of citalopram consumption, which can be reduced by consuming simple and light meals and drinking enough water.
If you feel drowsy, weak and tired, avoid driving and doing things that require caution and concentration.
Ask your pharmacist about the right painkiller for possible

headaches from taking this medicine.
Dry mouth is also one of the symptoms related to the use of this drug, which can be eliminated with chewing gum or sugar-free candy.
Mood swings such as anxiety, restlessness, and tremors may occur early in treatment with citalopram, which resolve over a period of days, but talk to your doctor if these symptoms persist or worsen.
Talk to your doctor if you have trouble sleeping, excessive sweating, loss of appetite or sudden weight change, pain, tingling in the fingers, sexual problems, ringing in the ears, irregular heartbeat, runny nose or itching that persists.

Rare but important side effects of Citalopram:

Serotonin Syndrome or Serotonin Poisoning is a specific complication of drugs that affect serotonin levels, which, although unlikely to occur, can be life-threatening if left untreated.
This complication is caused by excessive activity of serotonin in the body. If you notice symptoms such as burning sensation, sweating, insomnia and restlessness, muscle stiffness or cramps, anxiety and mood swings immediately before taking the dose. Next, see your doctor or health center for this medicine.
If you have symptoms of drug allergies such as red and itchy skin lesions, shortness of breath, swelling of the face or lips, stop taking the medicine and see a doctor or medical center.


Uses of Citalopram

Citalopram is used to treat depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorders.

How long does Citalopram take?

This drug usually shows its initial effects from the first week to the fourth week. But the general effects will show a few weeks after consumption. There are many people who still have symptoms of depression after a few months and sometimes it will get worse, at this time it is best to see a doctor.

Citalopram Sexual problems

In many cases, taking this drug in men can be associated with painful and prolonged erections and cause sexual dysfunction in men. This may take about 4 hours. If you have this severe complication, it is better to see your doctor by stopping taking the medicine.
Taking this drug in women leads to vaginal dryness and insensitivity in the breast.

Citalopram Abnormal heartbeat

Prolonged use of this drug can lead to abnormal heartbeat and heart rate in the body. For this reason, most doctors prescribe 40 mg.




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