What is Carbamazepine?
Carbamazepine is one of the most widely used drugs in the group of antiepileptic drugs. In this disease, seizures occur due to disruption of the electrical current of cells in a part of the brain.
Seizures are a neurological attack caused by a disturbance in the electrical activity of the brain, and carbamazepine is used to reduce seizures by reducing the abnormal electrical current in brain cells alone or in combination with other antiepileptic drugs.
Carbamazepine is also used to treat chronic pain caused by nerve damage such as burning and severe facial nerve pain.
In addition, carbamazepine can be effective in treating some neurological conditions, such as bipolar disorder, because it can control some pain or mood disorders.
Carbamazepine in the treatment of general tonic-clonic seizures, complex-partial seizures and mixed seizures
Adults and children over 12 years:
200 mg of oral carbamazepine is prescribed. The maximum daily dose of carbamazepine should not exceed 1200 mg per day.
Children 6 to 12 years:
100 mg carbamazepine is given twice a day.
Children under 6 years:
10 to 20 mg / kg oral carbamazepine is given in two to four divided doses.
Carbamazepine in trigeminal neuralgia (trigeminal nerves)
Take 100 mg of carbamazepine twice daily with food. The maximum daily dose of carbamazepine is 1200 mg.
Carbamazepine in Manic-Depressive Disorders
First, 400 mg of carbamazepine is given daily, and then a maintenance dose of 600 to 1600 mg.
Carbamazepine and alcohol
Alcohol consumption interferes with carbamazepine and can increase the risk of seizures.
Is Carbamazepine hypnotic?
Yes, this drug has hypnotic effects and is aggravated by alcohol consumption.
Is Carbamazepine addictive?
No Carbamazepine tablets are not addictive.
Common side effects of Carbamazepine
Drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness and vision problems such as blurred vision are the side effects of this drug, so avoid driving and activities that require concentration and caution until the effect of the drug disappears.
Does Carbamazepine cause hair loss?
One of the side effects of the drug can be hair loss.
Rare but important side effects of Carbamazepine
This drug can have rare but important side effects that, although they are unlikely to occur, but it is very important to follow and pay attention to them. Therefore, if you have symptoms of cough with sore throat, dryness and inflammation of the eyes and red spots on the skin See your doctor or health center right away.
Drug interactions with Carbamazepine
You should always tell your doctor about your pills before taking carbamazepine tablets.
Before taking carbamazepine tablets, ask your doctor about sleeping pills, depression pills, anxiety pills, epilepsy and muscle relaxants. Because carbamazepine tablets increase the effect of such pills.
Carbamazepine pills reduce the effect of birth control pills so there is a possibility of pregnancy.
When carbamazepine tablets are taken with pills such as phenobarbital, phenytoin and primidone, the effect is reduced so there is a possibility of seizures.
Do not take carbamazepine with other anticonvulsant and sedative pills without consulting your doctor.
If you are taking any of the following pills, tell your doctor before taking carbamazepine tablets:
- Tuberculosis pills
- Antifungal pills
- Blood thinners
- Cancer pills
- AIDS pills
- Thyroid replacement pills
- Heart pills or blood pressure
Overdose of Carbamazepine tablets
Call the emergency room if you take too much carbamazepine.
- deep breath
- Decreased urination or no urination
- Muscle strain
- Tongue tie
- Hard to walk
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