Common name:


betametazon (Turkish)





Betametazonă (Romanian)




What is Betamethasone?

It works by altering the body’s immune response to various conditions and reducing it. Betamethasone is used in the treatment of diseases associated with decreased adrenal function. It is also used to treat severe conditions caused by certain conditions, including severe asthma and allergies, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, certain blood disorders, lupus, multiple sclerosis, and some eye and skin conditions. In addition, betamethasone may be used during the treatment of some cancers, including leukemia.

The function of Betamethasone in the body

It works by altering the body’s immune response to various conditions and reducing inflammation. Betamethasone is used in the treatment of diseases associated with decreased adrenal function. It is also prescribed to treat severe inflammation caused by certain special conditions such as asthma and severe allergies, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, certain blood disorders, lupus, multiple sclerosis and some medical conditions of the eye and skin. In addition, betamethasone may be used during the treatment of some cancers, including leukemia. In fact, the drug binds to its receptors in the cytoplasm by passing through the cell membrane, and the drug-receptor complex enters the cell nucleus. By binding to specific regions of DNA, the complex stimulates the mRNA transcription process, followed by the production of enzymes that are ultimately responsible for the systemic effects of corticosteroids. It acts by preventing the accumulation of inflammatory cells in the area of ​​inflammation, inhibiting phagocytosis and the release of enzymes responsible for inflammation, and inhibiting the production and release of chemical mediators of inflammation.

Side effects of Betamethasone

All drugs have different side effects. Betamethasone has minor side effects, and most people who are prescribed the drug have no serious side effects. Some common side effects of this drug are as follows. See your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.

  • Acne
  • Vertigo
  • Facial flushing
  • General body discomfort
  • Headache
  • Increased appetite
  • Increased sweating
  •  nausea
  • getting angry
  • the pain
  • Swelling or redness at the injection site
  • insomnia
  • Stomach upset
  • Severe allergic reactions such as pimples, hives, itching, breathing problems, chest tightness, swelling of the mouth and face and lips and tongue
  • Abnormal stool changes
  • Changes in body fat
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle
  • Bruising or bleeding
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Mental or mood changes (eg depression)
  • Muscle pain, fatigue or weakness
  • Convulsions
  • Severe nausea or vomiting
  • Severe and sudden dizziness or headache
  • Swelling of the foot or leg
  • Symptoms of infection (eg chills, fever, sore throat)
  • Tendon or bone pain
  • Thinning of the skin
  • Abnormal skin sensitivity
  • Abnormal weight gain
  • Vision changes or other eye problems
  • Vomit

Betamethasone injection and all the things you need to know about it

Betamethasone is a versatile drug that is available in a variety of forms, including creams, gels, lotions, ointments, sprays, and more. The injectable form is called an injection suspension or betamethasone injection to help relieve pain in various diseases by doctors. Its effectiveness is through the treatment of pain and inflammation in various conditions and for patients with MS, skin problems, blood disorders and many other problems.

Infection risk alert Betamethasone

Steroids such as betamethasone suppress the immune system. This can make it difficult for a person to fight infection. Prolonged use of betamethasone or high doses may also increase the risk of infection or mask the symptoms.

Anaphylactic reaction warning

In rare cases, taking this drug may cause an anaphylactic reaction. This is a severe allergic reaction that can be life threatening. Symptoms include swelling of the face and throat or difficulty breathing. If you have a history of reactions to corticosteroids, it is best to tell your doctor before using this medicine.

Betamethasone injections for colds

According to experts, the effect of betamethasone injections in colds has no therapeutic role. Rather, this drug makes the patient feel healthy by acting on fever control, reducing muscle pain and runny nose. But this immediate effect is not necessary to control the symptoms of the common cold, and overdose may be associated with serious side effects. Betamethasone contains large amounts of steroids that can suppress the immune system, causing a number of problems, including high blood pressure, increased risk of osteoporosis, and more. So the use of betamethasone in colds not only has no therapeutic aspect, but by weakening the immune system due to overdose can reduce the body’s ability to fight colds and similar diseases in the long run.

How to inject Betamethasone ampoules

The treating physician may prescribe different doses of this drug depending on the patient’s needs. The patient’s health and general condition may also influence this decision. It is effective in treating severe inflammation and reducing the immune system’s reactions by temporarily weakening it. Betamethasone is injected in different ways, the types of which are:

  • Intravenous injection
  • Intramuscular injection
  • Intra-articular injection
  • Injection into the soft tissues of the body

Betamethasone injections in pregnancy

Studies have shown that the use of steroids in pregnant animals increases the risk of cleft palate in infants. However, not enough research has been done on the incidence of this problem in human fetuses in similar cases. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, you should consult your doctor before taking this medicine. Sometimes the use of betamethasone injections during pregnancy has potential benefits for the fetus that doctors deem necessary. Injecting betamethasone into pregnant women who are at risk for preterm birth appears to reduce the risk of preterm birth.

Doctors sometimes find it necessary to use this drug in pregnant women who are 29 to 34 weeks pregnant and have symptoms of preterm labor. Births before 28 weeks of age are more likely to cause lung problems, bowel disorders, and more. But babies born to women who took steroids before giving birth will have fewer problems. This will reduce the risk of these diseases and the death of premature babies by up to 40%. In fact, betamethasone during pregnancy can help improve the function of the fetus’s lungs to breathe outside the uterus. This ampoule is usually injected intramuscularly during pregnancy, and its best effect is between two and seven days after the first injection.

In general, the use of betamethasone during pregnancy and later in the short term can be very important for the preservation of the fetus and reduce the risk of premature infant suffering from respiratory distress syndrome. Animal studies have shown that using this drug early in pregnancy can affect the baby’s immune and nervous systems. For this reason, its continuous use for a long time during this period is not recommended.

Betamethasone injection for urticaria

Urticaria is a type of allergic reaction to allergens. People can get hives for a variety of reasons; Including food or drug allergies, extreme heat and cold, and…. In fact, urticaria occurs on the surface of the skin when the body’s immune system is fighting an allergen. In such cases, suppressing the body’s immune system can help reduce the symptoms of its intense activity such as urticaria. Although betamethasone injections are effective for urticaria, they do not cure the cause of the urticaria and only control its symptoms. This ampoule is used in cases of acute urticaria and it is better to consult your doctor to identify the main cause of urticaria.

Betamethasone injection for back pain

Corticosteroids are always one of the most common options for muscle and joint doors. These drugs are used in various forms and types of oral and injectable such as prednisolone, betamethasone and.. Betamethasone injection for low back pain is one of the most common of these drugs that has an immediate effect on pain and quickly relieves inflammation by reducing it. But it should not be forgotten that this drug does not cure back pain and the condition will not get better until the cause of back pain is treated. Doctors recommend the use of betamethasone for low back pain in severe and persistent pain. Be sure to consult your doctor to use it.

Betamethasone injection for toothache

Betamethasone injections can be effective for toothache, but not every toothache! Betamethasone is a potent corticosteroid with immediate effect and is mostly used to help treat severe pain and inflammation. This medicine is not usually recommended by dentists for toothache. They prefer to use lighter drugs with fewer side effects. However, you may need to use it when necessary. The best way to get rid of toothache is to get rid of the main cause of the pain. In this regard, it is necessary to be examined by a dentist

What happens if I forget the dose of betamethasone tablets?

Contact your doctor if you miss a prescription dose and do not receive a betamethasone injection or betamethasone tablet. Explain the complete information to your doctor and ask him or her to guide you through the situation. Do not re-inject or take more doses without a doctor’s prescription

Betamethasone interactions include the following:

  1. Aminoglutethimide
  2. Injection of amphotericin B and potassium lowering agents
  3. Antibiotics, especially macrolide
  4. Anticholinesterases
  5. Oral anticoagulants
  6. Antidiabetic drugs
  7. Anti-tuberculosis drugs
  8. Cholestyramine
  9. Cyclosporine
  10. Digitalis glycosides
  11. Estrogens, including oral contraceptives
  12. Liver enzyme inducers (barbiturates, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin)
  13. Ketoconazole
  14. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  15. Decreased response to vaccines

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